The eight elements of the Essential Eight are:
Application whitelisting: This involves restricting the use
of software to only approved applications.
Patching applications: This involves regularly updating
software and applications to address known vulnerabilities.
Patching operating systems: This involves regularly
updating operating systems to address known
Configuring Microsoft Office macros: This involves
configuring macros to ensure they are only used for
User application hardening: This involves ensuring user
applications are configured to minimize potential attack
Restricting administrative privileges: This involves
restricting administrative privileges to only necessary users
Multi-factor authentication: This involves requiring users
to authenticate using more than one factor, such as a
password and a token or biometric authentication.